晨彩 教育
24小时咨询电话
0575-88343778
专注于成人学历提升,提供一站式服务

2021年成考考试重点—英语(专升本)

作者:晨彩教育网址:http://www.sd0575.cn

成人高考复习重点—英语(专升本)

ENGLISH
英语考试大纲

试卷总分:150分

考试时间:150分钟

考试方式:闭卷、笔试


部分考查内容题号题量分值
语音1-555
语法与词汇6-201515
完形填空21-351530
阅读理解36-552060
补全对话56-60515
短文写作61125
总计61150



主谓一致

1.and的用法:

and连接并列主语时,谓语动词用复数。

❤BothheandIareright.

❤Mr.BlackandMrs.BlackhaveasoncalledTom.

②但并列主语如果指的是同一人,同一事物或同一概念,谓语动词用单数,

❤Histeacherandfriendisabeautifulgirl.

❤Thepoetandwriterhascome.

③当连接的是两个不可分的东西时,谓语动词用单数,

Whiskyandsodaismyfavoritedrink.

❤Breadandbutterismyfavoritesnack.

④由and连接的并列主语中如果有each,every,no修饰时,其谓语动词要用单数形式。

❤Everyboyandeverygirlhasadictionaryathand.

❤Eachmanandeachwomanhasadancingpartnerattheparty.

❤Inourcountryeveryboyandeverygirlhastherighttoreceiveeducation.

2.就近原则:notbut…,notonly … butalso…,either……or,…,neither……nor…,therebe…,here… 以上词语连接两个主语时,以离动词最近的主语形式为准。

EitherMr.Smithorhiswifeandsonshavetofacethedifficulties.

Therearefourteenchairsandawhiteboardinthemeetingroom.

Oneormorepagesaremissing.

TheheadmasterorIamgoingtohandoutthepapers.

3.就远原则: with,alongwith,togetherwith,including,except,but,besides,ratherthan,insteadof 以上词语连接两个主语时,以离动词远的主语形式为准。

Thelibraryincluding5,000bookswasburntdownlastnight.

Theteacherratherthanthestudentswaswrong.

4.集合名词:Family,class,group,team,crew,committee,等 如以上名词作主语时,如果指一个整体,谓语动词就是单数;如果指成员时,谓语动词用复数。

Theclassismadeupof40students.

5.单独的动名词,不定式,从句,时间,金钱,距离,学科,疾病,组织(专有名词)做主语时,谓语动词用单数。

Swimmingisgoodforyou.

Fiftydollarsistoomuchforme.

Fathergavemeadictionaryasabirthdaygift,whichmakesmeexcited.

❤Physicsisreallydifficultformetolearn.


关系代词

关系代词who,which,that 的考点: 

Iknowthegirl.ThegirlworksinIBM.

❤Iknowthegirlwho/thatworksinIBM.

❤Theoldmanisafamousartist.Wevisitedtheoldmanyesterday.

❤Theoldmanwho/thatwevisitedyesterdayisafamousartist.

❤ThelaptopismadebyDELL.Iboughtthelaptoplastweek.

❤Thelaptopwhich/thatIboughtlastweekismadebyDELL.

1.先行词为以下情况,关系代词必须用that:

①先行词被形容词最高级修饰: 

❤Heisthehardest-workingstudentthatIhaveevertaught.

②先行词被序数词修饰:

❤Heisthefirstmanthatfinishedtheworkontime.

③先行词被only,just,thesame,next等词修饰: 

❤ThisistheonlydictionarythatIhaveathand④先行词本身为不定代词: 

❤IsthereanythingthatIcandoforyou?

⑤先行词中既包含人又包含物: 

❤Weknownothingaboutthedoctorsandthehospitalsthatyouaretalkingabout.

⑥正式用法中,先行词是动物的时候:

Wehavetoprotectwhalesandsharksthatarebeingthreatened bydeath.


表示比较的方法

 表示比较的方法在英语里是比较复杂的。除了形容词和副词的比较级和最高级外,还有很多特定的短语和句型表示比较。对于这类考题,考生需熟记公式,记清各公式中的形容词、副词、介词、连词等的搭配,以及其比较的含义。

①平级比较:这是指在比较的过程中不用形容词或副词的比较级或最高级进行比较,而是用特定句型的肯定或否定式进行比较。 

❤as+形容词/副词+as:肯定式,意为:跟……一样

❤notSO(as)+形容词/副词+as:否定式,意为:不如 

as+形容词+a/an+单数名词+as :与……一样

as+many/few+可数名词+as :与……一样

asmuch/little+不可数名词+as :与……一样

thesame+名词+as:与……一样

Thisisasinterestingabookastheotheris.这本书跟另一本一样有意思。

Helencannotcometovisithermothersooftenasshehopes.海伦不可能像她希望的那样经常看望母亲。

❤Youcanwriteasmanywordsforyourpaperasyouwant.你的文章想写多少字就写多少字。

❤ShewasbornonthesamedayasIwas.她跟我在同一天出生。

②带有than的比较: 

❤morethan...:不仅仅,不只是 

❤moreAthanB:与其说是B,不如说是A(否定B,肯定A)

❤ratherthan:宁愿……而不愿…… 

❤wouldrather+省略to的不定式+than+省略to的不定式:宁愿……而不愿…… 

❤no+形容词比较级+than:都不 

Heismoreabusinessmanthanaprofessor. 他更像是商人,不像教授。 

❤Themovieismoreboringthaninteresting. 这部电影很乏味没意思。 

❤Ihavenomorethanfivedollars. 我只有5美元。

HeisnotallerthanJack. 他并不比Jack高。(有两个人都不高的含义)

❤lwouldratherwatchTVathomethangotothecinema.我宁愿在家看电视而不出去看电影。

❤Sheenjoysreadingathomeratherthantravellingaround.她宁愿在家看书,不愿出游。

❤Hepaidnolessthan200dollars. 他至少付了200美元。 

注意:类似的词组有:

preferAtoB:偏爱……胜过……(肯定A,否定B);

❤A+not+比较级+than+BA不如B。 

IpreferwatchingmovietoTVprogram. 我喜欢看电影而不是看电视。 

HeisnottallerthanJack. 他没有Jack高。 

③其他比较句型: 

The+比较级:越……,越…… 

❤比较级and比较级:越来越…… 

Isthattruethatthehighereducationyougainthebetterjobyoucanget? 受的教育多就能找到更好的工作吗?

❤Wintercomessoitgetscolderandcolder. 冬天来了,所以天气越来越冷。

④倍数的表示法: 

Ais+倍数+名词+of BAB的……倍 

Ais+倍数+as十形容词+asBAB的……倍 

Ais+倍数+比较级+thanBAB大…… 

Yourroomistwiceasbigasmine. 你的房间是我的两倍。 

Thisstreetisfourtimesthelengthofthatode. 这条街是那条街的四倍长。 Thisbowlistwicebiggerthanthatolle. 这个碗比那个碗大两倍。 

⑤修饰比较级和最高级的副词: 

❤修饰比较级:farabitalotmuchagreatdealratheranylittle;

❤修饰最高级:farverysecondnextmuchnotquitebynomeans等。 

Thisroomisabitlargerthanthatone. 这个房间比那个房间大一点。 

❤IthinkthisistheverybestbookIhaveeverread.我认为这是我读过的最好的书了。


形容词

1.形容词的用法:形容词是用来修饰、描绘名词的,通常在句中作定语、表语或宾补,有时还可作状语。

❤Heishonestandhardworking.

❤Ifoundthebookinteresting.

①某些形容词与定冠词连用表示一类人作主语时,谓语通常用复数形式。

Therichandthepoorliveindifferentpartsofthecity.

❤TheEnglishliketobewiththeirfamilies.

②多个形容词作定语修饰名词的顺序: 

冠词+序数词+基数词+性质状态(描述性)+形状大小+新旧老少+颜色+国籍+材料+名词。

thesecondfiveinterestingbignewredChinesewallpapers.

2.形容词比较等级的形式 

①规则形式:一般说来,单音节词及少数双音节词在后加-er构成比较级,加--est构成最高级;其他双音节词及多音节词在前加more构成比较级,most构成最高级。great-greater-greatest

busy-busier-busiest

❤important-moreimportant-(the)mostimportant②不规则形式 

good(well)-better-best

❤bad(ill)-worse-worst

❤many(much)-more-most

❤little-less-least

3.形容词比较等级的用法 

①表示两者的比较,用形容词的比较级+than.

Heisclevererthantheotherboys.

❤Thisoneismorebeautifulthanthatone.

②表示两者以上的比较,用"the+形容词最高级(+名词)+of(in)

Heisthecleverestboyinhisclass.

③表示两者是同等程度,用"as+形容词原级+as".

HeisastallasI.

❤Ihaveasmanybooksasyou.

④越…越… 

ThemoreIlearn,thehappierIam.

Youcanneverbetoocareful.越小心越好

Youcanneverpraisetheteachertoohighly. 你怎么赞扬这个老师也不过分。 

Ihaveneverspentamoreworryingday. 那一天是最令我担心的一天。 

Ihaveneverhadabetterdinner. 这是我吃过的最好的一顿饭。 

MyEnglishisnobetterthanyours. 我的英语和你的英语都不怎么样。


副词

1.副词的种类 

①时间副词如:ago,before,already,just,now,early,late,finally,tomorrow等。

②地点副词如:here,there,near,around,in,out,up,down,back,away,outside等。 

③方式副词如:carefully,angrily,badly,calmly,loudly,quickly,politely,nervously等。 

④程度副词如:almost,nearly,much,greatly,abit,alittle,hardly,so,very等。 

2.副词比较等级的用法,其用法与形容词相似,只是副词最高级前可省略定冠词。

Ofalltheboyshesings(the)mostbeautifully.

Wemustworkharder.

3.某些副词在用法上的区别

already,yet,stillalready表示某事物已经发生,主要用于肯定句;

yet表示期待某事发生,主要用于否定句和疑问句;

still表示某事还在进行,主要用于肯定句和疑问句,有时也可用于否定句。

We'vealreadywatchedthatfilm.Ihaven'tfinishedmyhomeworkyet.

❤Hestillworksuntillateeverynight.

too,aswell,also,eithertoo,aswellalso用于肯定句和疑问句,

tooaswell多用于口语,一般放在句末,

also多用于书面语,一般放在句中与动词连用。

either用于否定句和否定的疑问句,往往放在句末。

Hewenttheretoo.

❤Hedidn'tgothereeither.

❤Ilikeyouaswell.

❤Ialsowentthere.

4.hard,hardlyhardly意为"几乎"hard在词义上完全不同。

Iworkhardeveryday.

❤Icanhardlyrememberthat.

5.late,latelylately意为"最近、近来"late意为"晚、迟".

Henevercomeslate.

❤Haveyoubeentothemuseumlately?

WRITE
作文范文

假冒商品

1.假冒伪劣商品是个严重问题。

2.一些原因导致了这种现象。

3.为了扫除假冒伪劣商品,……

Fake Commodities

   Fake and poor quality commodities are a serious problem. Many things can be faked such as soybean sauce, vinegar, bicycles, and many other things. The interests of consumers are affected, and many enterprises keep losing money because of cheap fake commodities.

   There are some reasons for such a phenomenon. The major one is the desire of some people to “make easy money”。These people think nothing of the law of the protection of intellectual property rights.

   To get rid of fake and poor quality commodities, the government should educate people to obey the law of the protection of individual intellectual property rights and not to sell any fake goods. The government should punish severely and close down all the factories producing fake goods.


城市和农村

1.一些人喜欢住在城市,因为城市生活有许多便利。

2.但有些人喜欢住在农村。

3.我认为,……

Where to live in the City or in the Country

   Some people like living in the city because city life has many advantages. They think there are more job opportunities in cities, life there is more colorful and meaningful than that in the country, and there are more modern conveniences in cities for people to enjoy.

   But some other people prefer to live in the countryside. They say life in the countryside is closer to nature and better for their health, life there is quieter and that country people are more honest than city people.

   I would like to live in a city when I am young to earn enough money and I live in the countryside when I am old for having a quite life.


自行车

The Bicycle in China

   The bicycle is the most popular means of transportation in China. China is a country “on bicycle wheels”。People ride them for various purposes such as going to and from school and work. Bicycles are very cheap and easy to buy in China.

   There are many advantages to riding a bicycle. First, using a bicycle can greatly help reduce the air pollution in many big cities. Second, people can improve their health by riding a bicycle.

   The future of bicycle will be bright. In some European countries, city governments have arranged pedestrians to use “public bicycles” to travel round the city center free of charge.


男女平等

Should Men and Women Be Equal?

   People have different ideas about this issue, Some people say that men are superior to women in ability because men are physically stronger, do most of the hard labor in the world and hold most important positions. Other people believe that women have the ability to compete with men. There have been many famous women state leaders and great scientists in the world.

   We should fully carry out the principle “to each according to his work” so that the enthusiasm of both men and women for work can be fully aroused.


鼓励信

假定你是Jack,给在无锡新区工作的笔友王强写信,要点如下:

1. 非常高兴得知王强在准备高考,並鼓励他一定能克服各种困难取得好成绩。

2. 告诉他你将去无锡旅游,你将乘火车于5月1日早晨6点到达,请他接站,并请他帮你安排1至4日的住宿(旅馆靠近市中心,房间可以小一些,但不要太贵)。

3. 此外,你还要他帮你订5日返回上海的火车票。

Dear Wang Qiang,

   I'm glad to learn that you are busy preparing for college entrance exams. Where there is a strong will, there is a success. I am sure that you will overcome all kinds of difficulties in your study.

   I'm planning to go to Wuxi and look around in the city for a few days. I'll take the train and arrive at 6 o'clock a.m. on May 1st. Will you please come and meet me at the station? I'm going to stay in Wuxi till May 4th. Please help me book a hotel room. I hope to stay in a hotel around the downtown area but the price shouldn't be very high. I don't mind if the room is small. Another thing. Can you book a ticket for me back to Shanghai on 4th? All the best,

Jack


英语学习

你在英语学习中有哪些困难?你是如何克服这些困难的?

   To a Chinese, the task of learning English well is not easy. So I, like many other English learners, have met with difficulties in learning English during the past seven years. But I managed to overcome them and made much progress.

   The spelling and meaning of words can be said to be the first difficulty I met as a beginner. But I found our my own way to deal with them. As to spelling, I never copied a new work again and again to remember it, but tried to find its relevance to the sound. In fact, as long as I can read the word out, I can write it out. As to the meaning, I rarely recite its Chinese translation but often put the word into the sentence to learn its meaning. Moreover, if you use a word quite often, its spelling and meaning will be no problem. After all, we are learning English in order to use it.

   Grammar and idioms may be another difficulty. But I have also got over it. I have not read lots of grammar books. But I spent much time reading the articles written by native speakers or specialists in English. By doing so, I came to gain “a sense of English language”. I began to gain a feel for which sentences are “good English” and which are not.

  Finally, I want to say that overcoming all these difficulties requires perseverance. In the past seven years I spent at least an hour on English each day. I believe this is an important reason why I am able to make progress in learning English.


城市绿化

Film Is Giving Way to TV

   There are fewer film-goers now than before. The number of TV-watchers has been increasing. In 1975, there were only 5,000 TV-watchers and in 1985, the number increased 20 times. The increase is due to the development of TV industry.    With the development of economy, people are richer than before and many families can afford to buy color TV sets. People would prefer to stay at home to watch TV rather than go out to see a film.

   Although film is giving way to TV, there are still some people who like watching films not only because good films are not shown on TV but because film has its own advantage.


视频游戏

Video Games

   Video games have become very popular in recent years. Wherever you go, you can see youngsters or even adults indulged in the games. When they play the games in clubs, stores, or homes, they concentrate all their attention on them, with their hands busy operating. Obviously, video games give them great wonderful entertainment. They bring great pleasure to youngsters, train them to respond quickly, stimulate their imagination and interest in electronics and computer science. In short, video games play a good part in the development of youngsters intelligence.

   Just as a coin has two sides, video games have also some disadvantage. Some young people especially school children, spend too much time playing them, which would do harem to their health and eyes and affect their school achievements. Only if one has enough self-control, can one benefit from video games.





越城区报名地址:绍兴市越城区环城北路406号                                                                                 上虞区报名地址:上虞区百官街道半山路180号(原师范附小)二楼213-214室

越城区咨询电话:0575-88343778                                                                                                  柯桥区报名地址:柯桥区柯华路958号     

24小时咨询热线/微信18157570715  张老师                                                                              24小时咨询热线/微信:18157570715  张老师  

 



     


在线留言
 
 
 
 
留言
姓名
电话
留言
验证码
 换一张
*
提交